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In partnership with the Frances Willard Historical Association. Meets in front of the Frances Willard House, 1730 Chicago Avenue. Explore the revolutionary history of Evanston’s women by viewing the houses and buildings where they worked to transform our cultural landscape.

Cost: $20/$15 for Evanston History Center and Frances Willard Historical Association members.

When: June 18 and September 17, 11 a.m. -12:30 p.m.

Where: All tours begin at the Frances Willard House, 1730 Chicago Avenue.

Reservations are not needed but they are encouraged via email –ewhp@evanstonhistorycenter.org.

Hope you can join us!

Ewhp

The EWHP celebrates women’s history month with a look at the roles played by women in World War I. Historian Tricia Smith Scanlan presents: Nurses, ‘Hello Girls,’ and Farmerettes: The Changing Roles of American Women in World War I. The event takes place on Thursday, March 10, 2016, 7PM, at the Evanston History Center, 225 Greenwood Street, Evanston, IL. A reception catered by Whole Foods Market kicks off the event at 6:30 PM. The program is in partnership with the Frances Willard Historical Association (FWHA).

Decades before “Rosie the Riveter,” thousands of women joined the male-dominated workplace during World War I. They served as ambulance drivers, nurses, factory workers, and farmers. Tricia Smith Scanlan will explore the significant contributions American women made during the war, as depicted in the rich visual culture of photographs, magazine illustrations, and posters from the period.

Tricia Smith Scanlan received her PhD in art history from Indiana University, with a specialization in American art and visual culture of the 19th and 20th centuries. She has taught art history at Indiana and DePaul Universities, and has worked in Museum Education at the Art Institute of Chicago. Currently, she serves as an adjunct lecturer at the Art Institute, works as an art education consultant, and teaches adult seminars at the Newberry Library.

Reservations are recommended. You can make a reservation online at evanstonhistorycenter.org/all-events/ or by calling 847-475-3410.

Admission is $10, payable at the door. EHC and FWHA Members are free.

For more information, visit: evanstonhistorycenter.org or franceswillardhouse.org.

By Janice Zulkey, Pierian Club Member

The end of the 19th century was a time of tremendous growth in the country. As the United States was developing into a capable national state there was a new emphasis on education and self-improvement across the country. For those who had limited opportunities for formal education, women in particular, the desire for intellectual stimulation gave rise to an explosion of clubs to fill that need. In order to have their opinions taken seriously on an astonishing number of issues like temperance, suffrage, career opportunities and independence, to be able to be real participants in the progress of their communities, women had to expand their minds beyond the limits of household responsibilities.

President's Day Program, 1907

President’s Day Program, 1907

Inspired, twelve Evanston women met in 1891 to found Pierian, a “club for mutual self-improvement.” The name is derived from Greek mythology where the Pierian spring was sacred as the source of knowledge. It is referenced in the club’s motto, an excerpt from Alexander Pope’s Essay on Criticism:  “A little knowledge is a dangerous thing. Drink deep or taste not the Pierian spring.”

The Pierian founders were already very active in the community. They were well-traveled, married to prominent businessmen, mistresses of stately Victorian homes. They were sophisticated enough to recognize that if there were to be a common wealth of culture in a growing Evanston, its women needed to be enlightened. Their path to accomplishing this was Pierian, which is still going strong.

In 1892 a pattern of study was established. An annual theme was chosen which would then be broken down into appropriate subheadings for scrutiny. During each meeting a member was expected to deliver a thoroughly researched paper on her selected topic, inevitably stimulating lively responses.

1900-1901 Member Booklet

1900-1901 Member Booklet

Pierians were intrepid about choosing their themes. The first was a thorough study of John Ruskin, the prolific art critic and social thinker.  The rigor of their studies never ebbed. They investigated “The Industrial Arts” (1901), “The Georgians” (1933), “Literature of the Restoration” (1939), “Critics and Criticism” (1943), “Living Ethics” (1960), “Protest, American Style” (1972). More recently Pierians have studied Dynasties, Victorian England, Rivers of the World, Museums, Mexico, and Journalism, among others.

They continue to meet eight Mondays a year within one another’s residences. At one in the afternoon it begins with tea and dessert, then the members settle in to enjoy the day’s paper and special time for discussing it and the various topics it has provoked. Like their charter members they continue to support the Evanston Library with annual monetary contributions. Today’s 25 members are more formally educated than the founders. The great majority have master’s degrees, several have doctorates. They have all had careers. Most are former educators but their work experiences cover the fields of industrial engineering, social work, marketing, nursing, physical therapy, communications, library science and finance. Regardless, all enjoy exploring areas of knowledge well beyond the perimeters of their professions.

Its purpose is still the same and if the desire for intellectual challenges and exchanges remains strong there is every reason to believe that Pierian will continue for another one hundred and twenty-five years.

Our guest contributor for Women’s History Month is longtime Evanston resident Janice Zulkey, who has been a Pierian for 32 years.  She is grateful for all she has learned from writing and listening to Pierian presentations during her membership. The gracious camaraderie has been an added bonus.
For more on the history of the Pierian Club and many other Evanston women’s organizations, visit our Research Database – http://evanstonwomen.org/project-database/

The Evanston Women’s History Project is pleased to announce the creation of the Vickie Burke Internship for Women’s History, honoring her work for women and for the EWHP. Started in 2007, Evanston Women’s History Project is based at the Evanston History Center in Evanston, Illinois. The mission of the EWHP is to document and celebrate the significant contributions of Evanston women and women’s organizations to the community. This internship is in conjunction with the Frances Willard Historical Association (FWHA) which manages the Frances Willard House Museum. Both locations are near downtown Evanston and are easily accessed by car and public transportation.

Project work could include:

  • continued research on Evanston women and women’s organizations
  • website and research database updates and management
  • program development and event planning — including the 2020 Suffrage Anniversary Project and our annual Women’s History Month event
  • online and onsite exhibit development

Other projects will be determined based on project needs and intern’s interests and abilities.

Details:

  • internships will take place once per year; for 2016 this will be in summer or fall
  • the schedule will be flexible but most internships will last 10-12 weeks and be approximately 20 hours per week
  • interns will be paid a stipend of $1,500
  • applicants will be required to be in college or graduate school studying in the fields of history, women’s or gender studies, or public history

For more information and an application, please email ewhp@evanstonhistorycenter.org or call (847) 475-3410.

IWD 2016

Evanston’s celebration of International Women’s Day 2016 is scheduled for Tuesday, March 8, 2016 at First Methodist Church, 516 Church Street. The keynote speaker this year is Dr. Beth Richie, Professor of Gender and Women’s Studies at the University of Illinois at Chicago. Her presentation is titled Gender Violence: Addressing Injustice.

All are invited to:

ENGAGE in an examination of how race and social position have influenced women’s experience of violence and incarceration.

TAKE ACTION to change the criminal justice system’s impact on gender-based violence.

Click on this link to RSVP. The event is free of charge and a light breakfast is provided.

PROGRAM:
7:45 am: Networking breakfast
8:15 am: Keynote speaker and Q & A
9:30 -10: Learn about ways to get involved and take action from community partners

This event is hosted by: YWCA Evanston/North Shore, Northwestern University Women’s Center, The Woman’s Club of Evanston, Evanston Women’s History Project, Frances Willard Historical Association, the League of Women Voters of Evanston, and the City of Evanston.

Please contact Cece Lobin at clobin@ywcae-ns.org with questions.

The Evanston Women’s History Project is excited to unveil a new web resource that will highlight the contributions Evanston women and organizations made to making the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, removing gender restrictions on voting, possible.

People today associate this accomplishment with well-known figures like Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton, but there are thousands of lesser-known women, many of them Evanstonians, who devoted their lives to the movement and helped make women’s right to vote possible.

In honor of the upcoming 2020 centennial of the 19th Amendment, the Evanston Women’s History Project is launching Evanston and the 19th, in which the stories of Evanston women and organizations that contributed to the movement will be showcased. Digital resources held in the Evanston History Center archives will be included.

Evanston and the 19th begins with three very influential Evanston women—Frances Willard, Elizabeth Boynton Harbert and Catharine Waugh McCulloch—as well as one very important organization—the Woman’s Christian Temperance Union. Over time, other women and women’s organizations will be highlighted, so stay tuned for more.

To visit the website, go to evanstonandthe19th.omeka.net.

This new resource was the summer 2015 project of Alisa Bajramovic, our first Vickie Burke Intern for Women’s History, and Maggie McClain, our fall 2015 intern. Thank you, Alisa and Maggie!

Rest Cottage with Willard, Anna Gordon and Mary Thompson Hill Willard

Rest Cottage with Willard, Anna Gordon and Mary Thompson Hill Willard

Saturday, September 26th

What: Walking Tour through Evanston’s Amazing Women’s History

When: 11:00 am-12:30 pm

Where: Frances Willard House, 1730 Chicago Avenue

Sunday September 27th

What: 150th Anniversary Celebration of Frances Willard’s “Rest Cottage”

When: 1:00-4:00 pm

Where: Frances Willard House, 1730 Chicago Avenue

Come enjoy two activities celebrating Evanston’s long history and the women who put Evanston on the national stage.

On Saturday September 26th, visit the places where Evanston women made history on this walking tour through downtown Evanston. Starting at the Frances Willard House and traveling through the nearby neighborhood, this tour will highlight the stories of Evanston women and women’s organizations. The tour is co-sponsored by the Frances Willard Historical Association and the Evanston Women’s History Project at the Evanston History Center. Kris Hartzell, EHC’s Director of Facilities and Visitor Services, will give the tour. The tour will take place on Saturday from 11:00-12:30 pm and begin and end at the Willard House at 1730 Chicago Avenue. The fee is $10 per person and reservations are suggested. Please RSVP to Kris Hartzell at khartzell@evanstonhistorycenter.org or 847-475-3410.

On Sunday September 27th, the Frances Willard Historical Association will celebrate Willard’s birthday and the 150th anniversary of Rest Cottage on the front lawn of the house, 1730 Chicago Avenue. Rest Cottage was the home of Frances Willard, a long-time Evanston resident who was at the forefront of the movement to improve the lives of women and children in the 19th century. Among her many social reform efforts were a woman’s right to vote, and children’s protection in the workplace. This family-friendly event will take place from 1-4 pm and include light refreshments, cake, and a concert by the Ridgeville Band beginning at 3:00. For more information, contact: Glen Madeja at info@franceswillardhouse.org. RSVPs are appreciated, but not required.

By Alisa Bajramovic, Summer 2015 EWHP Intern

The King’s Daughters, Camp Good Will, and the Mary Club were three charity organizations formed around the turn of the century and based, either partly or fully, in Evanston. Each of these charities were either run or greatly staffed by women, and they were created in order to help poor and needy families and young girls. Those who received charity were given free food and a place to stay for varying degrees of time, and all of these charities were centered around helping Chicagoans in need. For the Evanstonians involved in them, much value was placed in giving the poor city-dwellers a chance to live in and enjoy the suburban life, yet the community had a vastly different relationship and interactions with each due to the structure and purpose that the three charities served.

King's DaughtersThe King’s Daughters was an early Evanston women’s philanthropic organization, and it was formed in 1893. It began as an opportunity for women to sew clothes that they would then donate to other charities, but soon the King’s Daughters, “fed by an ambition to provide a service which was most needed and which they were best equipped to supply,” (Evanston Review, 11/7/1935), decided to open a home at 2329 Hartzell Street.

At first, this Home was used as a place to house people with cardiac issues, and then as a house for women enrolled in Northwestern’s graduate school. The King’s Daughters, however, wishing to do more, consulted Judge Mary Bartelme for advice, who suggested that they create a home for dependent girls. The Home was a place for a dozen girls between 11 and 18 to live, relax, and grow into young women. Though all of the girls came from broken homes and families, the King’s Daughters emphasized that these girls were certainly not delinquents: they were simply good girls who came from bad environments.

Mary Bartelme, the woman who the King’s Daughters had consulted, was appointed assistant to the Judge of the Cook County Juvenile Court in 1913. She then quickly noticed that many of the girls who appeared in court were in a troubling situation: the court would either have to send them back to their homes, which were often not good environments for a young girl to be in, or they would have to be sent on to prison, often just for committing a very minor crime.

Mary ClubIn 1914, she created the first Mary Club out of her home in Chicago’s Austin neighborhood as a place for these girls to live. Though these girls were delinquents, Mary thought that their home life and environment were not conducive to helping them develop, and that the Mary Club would change that. The girls spent between a few weeks and a few years in the Club, until they were 16 years old. In 1918, she created a second Mary Club at 1102 Elmwood Avenue in Evanston. Thousands of girls passed through her homes and were given a safe and free place in which they could live and grow.

Camp Goodwill Sign - on display at the Evanston History Center

Camp Goodwill Sign – on display at the Evanston History Center

Between the opening of the Hartzell Home and the formation of the Evanston Mary Club, Camp Good Will was created and thrived for 17 years. Based on of a similar camp in Oak Park, it opened in 1900 as a place to provide poor and needy Chicagoans, mostly mothers and their children, a summer respite on the lakefront. The program eventually ran for eight weeks in total, with 1200 women and children coming to Camp Good Will every year. The churches of Evanston traded off running the camp, and the women from the churches made sure that their guests were well fed, healthy, and enjoying their stay.

Though the King’s Daughters, the Mary Club, and Camp Good Will were not the first charities or philanthropic organizations to have been created in Evanston, they were unique in their settlement-like model. Earlier charitable organizations were more focused on teaching girls vital skills, or raising money to help the needy, yet were not involved with creating social, live-in spaces right in the heart of the community. The King’s Daughters’ Hartzell Home was full of girls who, despite being poor, were repeatedly emphasized as being non-delinquent. When the home closed down, neighbors were sad to see these nice girls go. Mary Club, on the other hand, was full of girls who explicitly had gone through the court system, and therefore would have likely been less welcomed by the Evanston community. In order to keep both the Hartzell Home and the Evanston Mary Club in service, both charities hosted many events in order to raise money. These events, ranging from balls to lectures to a county fair, gave Evanstonians an opportunity to support charity work without ever having to come into contact with those who received the charity.

Yet, there were some differences. Camp Good Will was more deeply intertwined than either the Hartzell Home or Mary Club with the community at large: “The camp brought together the urchin child of the streets with the privileged child of the suburb, and the tenement mother with the North Shore matron” (Evanston RoundTable, July 30, 2003). Evanston women worked with Chicago women, Evanston kids with Chicago kids. Businesses and local organizations donated goods and services ranging from cots and mattresses to a telephone and electric lights. From 1900 to 1917, the community worked together every summer to give the needy a place to stay. The way the Evanstonians saw it, instead of going down into the Chicagoans’ homes, why not welcome the Chicagoans into their own. In 1910, Sherman Kingsley of the United Charities of Chicago summed up the unique relationship of the camp and the community: “The people of Evanston need it quite as much as do those who benefit by its existence.”

In each of these three charities, needy Chicagoans traveled a dozen miles north to live in the peaceful suburb of Evanston. They all received free food, a place to stay, and the ability to participate in Evanston recreational activities. Everyone could experience the calmness not found in their former city homes for anywhere between a week and a few years. But just as much as these charities were for Chicagoans, they too were for the people of Evanston. Whether Evanstonians were donating money, goods, or their time, at the turn of century, community and charity in Evanston were intimately intertwined.

For more on these three women’s charitable organizations or the many others that existed over Evanston’s history, visit our research database.

ShiningLivesJoin EWHP on May 18th for an evening including an artistic overview of the creative process behind Northlight Theatre’s World Premiere Shining Lives: A Musical with the director/ co-creator, and a panel discussion centered around issues raised in the play.

It’s 1922 and the young women of Chicago’s Radium Dial Company are living a dream— earning good wages and beaming with new-found independence. After years of hand-painting watch dials, the so-called “harmless” radium leads to tragic results. Four courageous women upend their lives with a determination to change the future in this inspiring new musical.

Taking place on Monday, May 18th at 6:30 pm at the Evanston History Center (225 Greenwood St in Evanston), members of the community are invited to engage in a discussion about issues raised in the play with panelists:

  • Jessica Thebus – Assistant Professor, Northwestern University; Director and co-creator of Shining Lives: A Musical
  • Cindy Wilson – Clinical Professor of Law, Northwestern University
  • Glen Madeja – Executive Director, Frances Willard Historical Association
  • Lori Osborne – Director of the Evanston Women’s History Project, Evanston History Center

Thematically, this new musical offers perspective on issues including:

  • Women in the workplace—then and now
  • Labor Law Reform
  • Safe working conditions and corporate responsibility

Everyone attending this event will be able to purchase specially priced tickets to Shining Lives: A Musical, playing at Northlight Theatre May 8 – June 14, 2015.

iGEM Summit

An International Gender Equality Movement (iGEMlogo) Summit will take place on Saturday, May 16, 2015 from 10-3 pm at Harris Hall on the Northwestern University campus in Evanston. This event is hosted by iGem, a campus chapter of the United Nation’s Foundation campaign Girl Up, working in collaboration with the Women’s Center and other campus groups. The Evanston Women’s History Project is a Community Partner. The summit is designed for girls in grades 5-8 and the focus will be on leadership development. The day will include a speaker, leadership building activities, and open dialogue about issues affecting girls around the globe. Lunch will be served. For more information and to register go to www.bit.ly/iGEMsummit or email iGEM@u.northwestern.edu.

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